Inilah Perusahaan-perusahaan Unicorn Global di Luar Amerika Serikat

Inilah Perusahaan-perusahaan Unicorn Global di Luar Amerika Serikat
info gambar utama

Saat ini, Global Unicorn Club terdiri dari 214 perusahaan swasta yang masing-masing dihargai lebih dari AS$ 1 Milyar. Istilah ‘unicorn’ sendiri mengacu kepada startup yang memiliki valuasi senilai 1 miliar dolar Amerika (sekitar 13,1 triliun rupiah) atau lebih.

Secara keseluruhan, kelompok yang terdiri dari perusahaan-perusahaan swasta paling berharga di dunia ini bernilai sekitar AS $ 745 Milyar.

Selama ini, bagian terbesar dari nilai tersebut masih dipegang oleh perusahaan-perusahaan yang berada di AS. Lebih dari 50% perusahaan unicorn di dunia berada di AS, dan caluasi kumulatif mereka mencapai 51% dari valusi Global Unicorn Club.

Namun, dalam beberapa tahun terakhir, semakin banyak unicorn bermunculan di luar AS. Pada tahun 2014, 37% dari semua perusahaan yang mencapai valuasi $ 1 milyar, mereka berbasis di luar AS. Pada 2015 angka tersebut naik menjadi 53%, dan tahun lalu naik lagi menjadi 58%. Sejauh ini di tahun 2017, telah ada 42 perusahaan yang masuk dalam Global Unicorn CLub; dan dari jumlah tersebut, 24 berbasis di luar AS.

Seperti dirilis oleh CB Insights, inilah peta lokasi perusahaan startup yang saat ini dihargai $ 1 Milyar yang berbasis di luar AS.

Keterangan Gambar (© Pemilik Gambar)

Pada tahun 2013, lebih dari 70% perusahaan yang mendapat status unicorn berbasis di AS. Setiap tahun sejak 2013 - 2016, pangsa unicorn telah turun, dan tahun lalu, hanya 42% yang berbasis di AS.

Tahun ini, perusahaan berbasis non-AS yang paling bernilai tinggi untuk mencapai status unicorn misalnya adalah Toutiao yang berbasis di China (yang baru-baru ini bernilai $ 11 miliar), Mobike ($ 3 milyar), NIO ($ 2.9 milyar), dan e-shang Redwood ($ 2 milyar), layanan kesehatan Otto Bock yang berbasis di Jerman ($ 3.5 milyar), dan unicom pertama dari Malta, yakni VistaJet ($ 2.5B).

Keterangan Gambar (© Pemilik Gambar)

Di luar AS, unicorn dari China jauh di depan dengan total 55 perusahaan. Negara ini juga merupakan rumah bagi 3 perusahaan swasta non-AS paling bernilai tinggi di dunia, yang dipimpin oleh perusahaan pembawa kabar $ 50 milyar, Didi Chuxing, perusahaan elektronik Xiaomi ($ 46 milyar) dan platform pinjaman online Lu.com ($ 18,5 milyar).

Setelah China, negara yang paling banyak perusahaan unicorn-nya adalah India dan Inggris.

Keterangan Gambar (© Pemilik Gambar)

Di luar AS dan China, perusahaan unicorn yang paling berharga adalah platform e-commerce India Flipkart (yang baru-baru ini dihargai $ 11,6 milyarar), diikuti oleh layanan streaming musik Spotify dari Swedia ($ 8.5 milyar) dan Snapdeal dari India ($ 7 milyar).

THE INTERNATIONAL UNICORN CLUB: 107 PRIVATE COMPANIES OUTSIDE THE US VALUED AT 1B+ (AS OF 9/18/2017)
CompanyCountryDate Reached 1B+ ValuationSelect Investors
DecolarArgentina3/10/2015Blum Capital Partners LP, Tiger Global Management, Sonae.com Ventures
Kik InteractiveCanada8/18/2015Millennium Technology Value Partners, Spark Capital, Union Square Ventures
KuaishouChina1/1/2015Sequoia Capital China, China Media Capital, DCM Ventures
NIOChina3/15/2017Lenovo Ventures Group, Temasek Holdings, Tencent Holdings
ToutiaoChina4/7/2017Sequoia Capital China, Source Code Capital, SIG Asia Investments
51XinyongkaChina9/21/2016HgCapital, Meridian Capital, JD.com
AiwujiwuChina5/6/2015Temasek Holdings, GGV Capital, Hillhouse Capital Management
Apus GroupChina1/16/2015Redpoint Ventures, Qiming Venture Partners, Northern Light Venture Capital
BeiBeiChina1/22/2015IDG Capital Partners, Banyan Capital, Capital Today
China Internet PlusChina12/22/2015DST Global, Trustbridge Partners, Baillie Gifford & Co.
DadaChina12/31/2015Sequoia Capital China, DST Global, Walmart
Didi ChuxingChina3/31/2015Apple, China Life Insurance, Tencent Holdings
DJI InnovationsChina11/24/2014Accel Partners, Sequoia Capital China
Ele.meChina8/27/2015Dianping, Alibaba Group, CITIC Capital Private Equity
FanliChina4/20/2015Steamboat Ventures, SIG Asia Investments, Qiming Venture Partners
Guahao Technology Co.China9/22/2015China Development Industrial Bank, Tencent Holdings, Morningside Ventures
GuaziChina3/12/2016Sequoia Capital China, GX Capital, Matrix Partners China
HomelinkChina4/7/2016Baidu, Source Code Capital, Sunac China Holdings
HuiMin.cnChina9/5/2016China Innovation Investment, Western Capital Management, Shenzhen Fortune Venture Capital
HuochebangChina12/22/2016Tencent Holdings, DCM Ventures, Eastern Bell Venture Capital
iCarbonXChina4/12/2016Tencent Holdings, China Bridge Capital , Vcanbio
iTutorGroupChina11/18/2015SBI Group, GIC, Silverlink Capital
JiuxianChina7/30/2015Sequoia Capital China, China Merchants Bank, China Minsheng Banking Corp.
Koudai GouwuChina10/23/2014Warburg Pincus, Tiger Global Management, Tencent Holdings
LakalaChina6/23/2015China Renaissance Capital Investment, China Continent Property & Casualty Insurance, Legend Capital
LiepinChina6/28/2016Matrix Partners China, China Mobile, Warburg Pincus
Lu.comChina12/26/2014Guotai Junan Securities, CDH Investments, China International Capital Corporation
Meizu TechnologyChina7/23/2014Alibaba Group, Indiegogo, Telling Telecommunication Holding Co.
Mia.comChina9/8/2015K2 Ventures, Baidu, China Renaissance Capital Investment
Mofang GongyuChina4/13/2016Warburg Pincus, Aviation Industry Corporation of China, DT Capital Partners
MogujieChina6/6/2014Meilishuo, IDG Capital Partners, Trustbridge Partners
OfoChina3/1/2017Matrix Partners China, CITIC Capital Private Equity, Vision Capital
PanshiChina5/5/2015JD Capital Management, Fang Fund Partners, WI Harper Group
Rong360China10/12/2015Sequoia Capital China, Lightspeed China Partners, Yunfeng Capital
Royole CorporationChina11/4/2016IDG Capital Partners, Warmsun Holding, AlphaWealth
Trendy Group InternationalChina2/13/2012L Capital Partners
TuJiaChina6/17/2015Lightspeed China Partners, GGV Capital, China Broadband Capital
UBTECH RoboticsChina7/25/2016Goldstone Investment, Qiming Venture Partners, CDH Investments
URWorkChina1/18/2017Zhongrong International Trust, Tianhong Asset Management, Zhenge Fund
VANCLChina12/14/2010IDG Capital Partners, Ceyuan Ventures, International Data Group
Weiying TechnologyChina11/17/2015Tencent Holdings, Wanda Group, iDreamSky Technology
XiaohongshuChina3/31/2016GGV Capital, Hudson & Marshall, ZhenFund
XiaomiChina12/21/2011Temasek Holdings, Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, Qiming Venture Partners
XuanyixiaChina11/24/2015Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, Redpoint Ventures, YG Entertainment
ZhangYueChina1/4/2016Guo Jin Capital, Alpha Animation & Culture
ZhihuChina1/12/2017Qiming Venture Partners, Capital Today, SAIF Partners
Zhong An InsuranceChina6/11/2015Morgan Stanley, SAIF Partners, Keywise Capital
United Imaging HealthcareChina9/14/2017China Development Bank Capital, China Life Insurance
VipKidChina8/23/2017Sinovation Ventures, Bryant Stibel, Sequoia Capital China
CambriconChina8/18/2017Alibaba Entrepreneurs Fund, CAS Investment Management Co., Lenovo Ventures Group
e-shang RedwoodChina7/26/2017Ping An Insurance, SK Group, GF Investments
SenseTimeChina7/11/2017Star VC, IDG Capital, Wanda Group
ZhaogangChina6/29/2017K2 Ventures, Matrix Partners China, Bull Capital partners
MobikeChina6/16/2017TPG Capital, Tencent Holdings, Ctrip
Dt DreamChina6/8/2017Alibaba Group, China Everbright Investment Management, Yinxinggu Capital
YuanfudaoChina5/31/2017Tencent Holdings, Warbug Pincus, IDG Capital
TuandaiwangChina5/30/2017Beihai Hongtai Investment, China Minsheng Investment, Yisheng Innovation
NetEase Cloud MusicChina4/11/2017China International Capital Corporation, Hunan TV & Broadcast Intermediary, Shanghai Media Group
LifeMilesColombia7/13/2015Advent International
Avast SoftwareCzech Republic2/5/2014Summit Partners, Kickstarter, CVC Capital Partners
Saxo BankDenamrk8/21/2015General Atlantic, TPG Capital, Zhejiang Geely Holding Group
BlaBlaCarFrance9/16/2015Lead Edge Capital, Accel Partners, Index Ventures
OVHFrance8/15/2016Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co., BNP Paribas, HSBC
Auto1 GroupGermany7/6/2015DST Global, Rocket Internet, Baillie Gifford & Co.
CureVacGermany3/5/2015NorthView Ventures, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Sigma Group
Delivery HeroGermany9/3/2014WestTech Ventures, Insight Venture Partners, Kite Ventures
HelloFreshGermany9/17/2015Rocket Internet, Baillie Gifford & Co., Phenomen Ventures
Otto Bock HealthCareGermany6/24/2017EQT Partners
FlipkartIndia8/6/2012Naspers, Morgan Stanley, GIC
HikeIndia8/16/2016Tencent Holdings, SoftBank Group, Tiger Global Management
InMobiIndia12/2/2014SoftBank Group, Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, Hercules Capital
OlacabsIndia10/27/2014ABG Capital, DST Global, Matrix Partners India
One97 CommunicationsIndia5/12/2015Ant Financial Services Group, Silicon Valley Bank, IF Partners
ReNew Power VenturesIndia2/14/2017Abu Dhabi Investment Authority, Overseas Private Investment Corporation, JERA
ShopCluesIndia1/12/2016Helion Venture Partners, Tiger Global Management, Nexus Venture Partners
SnapdealIndia5/21/2014Foxconn Technology Company, eBay, Nexus Venture Partners
Zomato MediaIndia4/10/2015Info Edge, VY Capital, Sequoia Capital India
Go-JEKIndonesia8/4/2016DST Global, Sequoia Capital India, Capital Group Companies
TravelokaIndonesia7/28/2017Expedia Inc., Global Founders Capital, East Ventures
InfinidatIsrael4/29/2015TPG Growth, Undisclosed Investors
ironSourceIsrael8/11/2014Disrupt-ive, Access Industries, Clal Industries and Investments
MercariJapan3/2/2016Global Brain Corporation, GMO VenturePartners, Mitsui & Co.
Global Fashion GroupLuxembourg4/8/2015Tengelmann Ventures, Rocket Internet, Access Industries
VistaJetMalta8/24/2017Rhone Capital
AdyenNetherlands12/16/2014Temasek Holdings, Felicis Ventures, ICONIQ Capital
Africa Internet GroupNigeria2/8/2016Goldman Sachs, Rocket Internet, Orange
Garena OnlineSingapore3/3/2015Keytone Ventures, SeaTown Holdings International, GDP Venture
GrabSingapore12/4/2014GGV Capital, Honda, Vertex Venture Holdings
Promasidor HoldingsSouth Africa11/8/2016Ajinomoto, International Finance Corporation
Cell CSouth Africa8/7/2017Blue Label Telecoms, Net1 UEPS Technologies
CoupangSouth Korea5/28/2014SoftBank Group, Sequoia Capital, BlackRock
Yello MobileSouth Korea11/11/2014Formation 8, SBI Investment, Q Capital Partners
KlarnaSweden12/12/2011JFT Holdings, General Atlantic, Sequoia Capital
SpotifySweden6/17/2011Accel Partners, Goldman Sachs, Halcyon Capital
Avaloq GroupSwitzerland3/22/2017Warburg Pincus
MindMazeSwitzerland1/28/2016Hinduja Group, Undisclosed Investors, Undisclosed Angel Investors
Careem NetworksUnited Arab Emirates12/18/2016BECO Capital, Wamda Capital, Al Tayyar Travel Group
benevolent.aiUnited Kingdom6/2/2015Upsher-Smith Laboratories, Woodford Investment Managment, Lansdowne Partners
BrewDogUnited Kingdom4/10/2017TSG Consumer Partners, Undisclosed Angel Investors, Crowdcube
FarFetchUnited Kingdom3/4/2015Advent Venture Partners, Conde Nast, e.ventures
Funding CircleUnited Kingdom4/23/2015Accel Partners, Temasek Holdings, Ribbit Capital
Global SwitchUnited Kingdom12/22/2016Aviation Industry Corporation of China, Essence Financial, Ping An Insurance
ShazamUnited Kingdom1/20/2015Acacia Capital Partners, Buran Venture Capital, America Movil
TransferWiseUnited Kingdom1/26/2015IA Ventures, Index Ventures, Seedcamp
Oxford Nanopore TechnologiesUnited Kingdom5/6/2012IP Group, Woodford Investment Managment, Illumina
ImprobableUnited Kingdom5/12/2017Andreessen Horowitz, SoftBank Group, Temasek Holdings

Sumber : CB Insights

Jika Anda tertarik untuk membaca tulisan Akhyari Hananto lainnya, silakan klik tautan ini arsip artikel Akhyari Hananto.

Terima kasih telah membaca sampai di sini